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23-04-2024 15:18

Lothar Krieglsteiner Lothar Krieglsteiner

... but likely a basidiomycete. I hope it is o.k.

23-04-2024 13:17

Edouard Evangelisti Edouard Evangelisti

Bonjour à tous, Je viens de récolter ce que je

23-04-2024 21:49

Ethan Crenson

Hello all, A friend recently found this orange as

22-04-2024 11:52

Zuzana Sochorová (Egertová) Zuzana Sochorová (Egertová)

Hello,I made a loan of a collection of Microstoma

11-01-2022 16:36

Jason Karakehian Jason Karakehian

Hi does anyone have a digital copy of Raitviir A (

22-04-2024 08:54

Rafael Cabral

Bonjour à toutes et tous, Quelqu'un pourrait-il

22-04-2024 20:38

Miguel Ãngel Ribes Miguel Ángel Ribes

Good afternoon.Does anyone know this anamorph?It g

21-04-2024 14:29

B Shelbourne B Shelbourne

• Genus Brunnipila: Distinct macro and habitat,

19-04-2024 14:28

B Shelbourne B Shelbourne

Cudoniella tenuispora: Distinctive macro and habit

20-04-2024 16:02

Michel Hairaud Michel Hairaud

Bonjour,On me fait part, pour diffusion d une list

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Xylaria from ethiopia
Uwe Lindemann, 02-12-2008 21:38
Uwe LindemannHello Forum,
at the end of september 2008 I found in addis abeba (ethiopia) a Xylaria.

Macroscopic features:
Stromata gregarious, unbranched, clavata narrow cylindric, 25-55 x 0,5-1 mm with sterile apices; stipe distinct, smooth, half of the clavata; subiculum sparseley setose, brown; perithecia , evident, globose, ostioles papillate

Microscopic features:
Ascus with 8 ascospores, 110-120 x 5,5-6,5 μm
Ascospores brown, germ slit straight, with hyalin appendage, elliptic to navicular with narrow ends, 10-11,5(13) x 4-4,8 μm (appendage: 1,5-2 x 1 μm)
In my opinion it is Xylaria gracillima. Could that be correct?

I used the following studies to determine the species:
DENNIS, R. W. G. (1961): Xylarioideae and Thamnomycetoideae of Congo. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 31: 109-154.
DENNIS, R. W. G. (1962): Xylarioideae and Thamnomycetoideae. Flore Iconographique des Champignons du Congo. 11. Fasc.
HLADKI, A. I. & ROMERO, A. I. (2007): Primeras citas del género Xylaria (Ascomycota, Xylariaceae) para la república Argentina. Darwiniana 45(1): 28-44.
MARTIN, P. (1970): Studies in the Xylariaceae VIII: Xylaria and its allies. Journal of South African Botany 36: 73-138.
ROGERS, J. D. & CALLAN, B. E. & ROSSMAN, A. Y. & SAMUELS, G. J. (1988): Xylaria (Sphaeriales, Xylariaceae) from Cerro de la Neblina, Venezuela. Mycotaxon 31 (1): 103-153.
Thank you very much for your help!

  • message #5914
Uwe Lindemann, 02-12-2008 21:39
Uwe Lindemann
Re:Xylaria from ethiopia
  • message #5916
Uwe Lindemann, 02-12-2008 21:39
Uwe Lindemann
Re:Xylaria from ethiopia
  • message #5917
Jacques Fournier, 02-12-2008 22:23
Jacques Fournier
Re:Xylaria from ethiopia
Hi Uwe,
nice to see people collecting Xylarias during their free time!
Your description is very accurate and allows a tentative answer. Xylaria gracillima is a controversial name and used in different senses by Dennis and Rogers.
According to the latter (Mycotaxon 34, pp 283-373, available on Cyberliber) X. gracillima lacks a white peeling outer layer as shown on your photos and has "naked" (superficial) perithecia scattered along a filiform rachis. Moreover, ascospores are not said to have cellular appendages.
In his description, Dennis (1961) illustrates a stroma resembling your fungus but does not mention a white coating and gives ascospores size range as 9-10.5 x 3-4, a bit small to match yours.
I think X. microceras (Mont.) Fr. might be a possible name for your fungus, known from neotropics. It is shortly described by Dennis (1956), but without mention of the cellular appendages. Otherwise it imight be an unknown taxon, which would not be surprising for Ethiopia!
I would love to see your collection, maybe I would get more inspiration. In return I can help you with literature on Xylaria.